Us navy history

Origins[ edit ] It follows then as certain as that night succeeds the day, that without a decisive naval force we can do nothing definitive, and with it, everything honorable and glorious. The rationale for establishing a national navy was debated in the Second Continental Congress. Supporters argued that a navy would protect shipping, defend the coast, and make it easier to seek out support from foreign countries. Detractors countered that challenging the British Royal Navythen the world's preeminent naval power, was a foolish undertaking.

Us navy history

They were successful in capturing it. Soon after the capture a combined French Spanish fleet arrived at Gibraltar and engaged the British fleet.

The ensuing engagement known as the battle of Velez Malga on August 17th, ended in a draw between the two competing forces.

The battle lasted six hours, but the outgunned Leander was forced to strike colors. The resulting attempt to hold the island resulted in a number of sea battles with the Japanese.

The first the battle of Savo Island on 9th August The Japanese led by Admiral Mikawa sent a task force of five heavy cruisers, two light cruisers and a destroyer to attack the American forces off the island. To guard the transport the allies had five heavy cruisers and a destroyer.

The American group was divided into two groups and totally unaware of the approach of the Japanese ships. The battle began when Japanese float planes flying unmolested above the American cruisers released flares.


Moments later USS Chicago was similarly enveloped. Soon the Japanese turned their attention to the Northern group and the AstoriaQuincy and Vincensses were soon out of action and ablaze. Thus in the worse defeat in surface warfare in its history the US navy together with the Australians lost five cruisers without inflicting significant casualties on the enemy.

Us navy history

August 11, The HMS Eagle a British aircraft carrier is sunk while escorting a convoy near Malta Guadacanal- Eastern Solomons- August 24, The Japanese decided to launch a major reinforcement of Guadalcanal, and sent three carriers battleships numerous cruisers and destroyers to support reinforcements the American carriers were sent to block the move.

On August 24th the Ryujo an escort carrier which was being used as bait ahead of the main carrier force, was spotted and the Enterprise and Saratoga launched aircraft to attack it. By this time the main enemy force had been spotted, but it was impossible to contact attacking US force and they went on to sink the Ryujo.

The Main Japanese carrier force then attacked the Enterprise who was hit, but whose damaged was controlled. Pilots from the Saratoga responded and sank a Japanese seaplane tender. Six American destroyer ambush them and sink 4 Japanese destroyers with no losses to the American forces.for data and photos go to the USS Enterprise (CVN 65) main page: History: The eighth Enterprise (CVA(N)) - the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier – was laid down on 4 February at Newport News, Va., by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co.; launched on 24 September ; sponsored by Mrs.

William B. Franke, wife of the Secretary of the Navy; and. Latest Videos Headlines for Tuesday, August 01, It's Your Reenlistment More Videos Local Stories Navy's First Female Admiral, Alene Duerk, Passes Away.

The Naval Historical Foundation preserves and honors the legacy of those who came before us. We educate and inspire the generations who will follow. The history of the United States Navy divides into two major periods: the "Old Navy", a small but respected force of sailing ships that was also notable for innovation in the use of ironclads during the American Civil War, and the "New Navy", the result of a modernization effort that began in the s and made it the largest in the world by the s.

Explore some surprising facts about the seafaring branch of the U.S. armed forces, from its humble beginnings during the Revolutionary War to its arrival as a world powerhouse. H-Gram commemorates the victory in World War I, covers the U.S. Navy's contribution toward that victory, and spotlights the U.S.

Navy personnel awarded the Medal of Honor during the conflict.

This Day in Naval History - Sept. 15