The karakalpak people of uzbekistan

Today their territory is within independent Uzbekistan. The Karakalpaks' ancestors originally came from the Irtysh River areas in southern Siberia. They settled in their current home-land in the tenth and eleventh centuries AD. The Qipchoq people they encountered referred to the newcomers as "Karakalpaks" black hats supposedly because they wore black wool or felt hats.

The karakalpak people of uzbekistan

Homeland[ edit ] Karakalpak nomads, The Karakalpak population is mainly confined to the central part of Karakalpakstan that is irrigated by the Amu Darya. The largest communities live in Nukusthe capital of Karakalpakstan, and the surrounding large towns, such as Khodzheli, Shimbay, Takhtaitash, Shomanay, and Kungrad.

Rural Karakalpaks mainly live on former collective or state farms, most of which have been recently privatised. Many rural Karakalpaks have been seriously affected by the desiccation of the Aral Seawhich has destroyed the local fishing industry along with much of the grazing and agricultural land in the north of the delta.

Karakalpaks have nowhere to go. The majority of Karakalpakstan is occupied by desert - the Kyzyl Kum on the eastern side, the barren Ustyurt plateau to the west, and now the growing Aral Kum to the north, once the bed of the former Aral Sea. Although their homeland bears their name, the Karakalpaks are not the largest ethnic group living in Karakalpakstan.

They are increasingly being outnumbered by Uzbeks, many of whom are being encouraged to move into the rich agricultural region around Turtkul and Beruni. Language[ edit ] The Karakalpak language belongs to the Kipchak-Nogai group of Turkic languageswhich also includes Kazakh and Nogai.

Spoken Karakalpak has two dialects: Before the Soviet Union, Karakalpak was rarely written, but when it was it used a modified form of the Perso-Arabic alphabet.

Due to the geography and history of the Karakalpak people, Karakalpak has been influenced by Uzbek, Mongol, Tajikand Russian. A Karakalpak-Uzbek pidgin language is often spoken by those bilingual in both languages. Origins[ edit ] The word Karakalpak is derived from the Russian Cyrillic spelling of their name and has become the accepted name for these people in the West.

The Karakalpaks actually refer to themselves as Qaraqalpaqs, whilst the Uzbeks call them Qoraqalpogs. The word means "black hat" and has caused much confusion in the past, since historians linked them with other earlier peoples, who have borne the appellation "black hat" in Slavic vernacular.

Many accounts continue to link the present day Karakalpaks with the Turcic confederation known as the Cherniye Klobuki of the 11th century, whose name also means "black hat" in Russian.

The karakalpak people of uzbekistan

Cherniye Klobuki were mercenary military troops of the Kievan Rus. Apart from the fact that their names have the same meaning, there is no archaeological or historical evidence to link these two groups. The Qaraqul hat is made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep which originated in Central Asia with archaeological evidence pointing to the breed being raised there continuously since BCE.

Recent archaeological evidence indicates that the Karakalpaks may have formed as a confederation of different tribes at some time in the late 15th or the 16th centuries at some location along the Syr Darya or its southern Zhany Darya outlet, in proximity to the Kazakhs of the Lesser Horde.

This would explain why their language, customs and material culture are so similar to that of the Kazakhs. It is probable they adopted Islam between the 10th and 13th centuries, a period when they first appeared as a distinct ethnic group.

Dervish orders such as the NaqshbandiKubrawiyaYasawi and Qalandari are fairly common in this region. Although there were mosques in the year ofthere are not so many mosques left today. However, many Karakalpak mullahs use their homes for Friday prayers. · The designation means little more than some fancy legalese: "The Republic of Karakalpakstan has the right to secede from the Republic of Uzbekistan based on a referendum by the people of Karakalpakstan," says Article 1 of the Karakalpak constitution and Article 74 of Uzbekistan’s constitution.(Yeah right.)  · The years since have been hard for the Karakalpak people.

The Karakalpak republic in Uzbekistan is a combination of the old Khivan Khanate and the Khorezm People's Republic. This region is extremely dry and rarely receives more than inches of rain a  · Uzbekistan has an area of , square kilometres (, sq mi). It is the 56th largest country in the world by area and the 42nd by population. Among the CIS countries, it is the 4th largest by area and the 2nd largest by population.. Uzbekistan lies between latitudes 37° and 46° N, and longitudes 56° and 74° stretches 1, kilometres ( mi) from west to east and  · An autonomous oblast was created for them in when the lands of Karakalpak were separated from the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic and Khorezm People's Soviet Republic. The oblast became the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in , and it was joined to the Uzbek SSR in

From the late s, women in Uzbekistan have been sterilised as a way of controlling population  · The Karakalpaks or Qaraqalpaqs (/ ˈ k ær ə l k əl p ɑː k s, -p æ k s / ; Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqlar, Қарақалпақлар, قاراقلپقلر) are a Turkic ethic group native to Karakalpakstan in northwestern This section of the Karakalpak website focuses on the Karakalpak people.

The Karakalpaks speak Karakalpak, a language that belongs to the Qipchaq or north-western category of the Turkic-Altaic family of languages, along with Qazaq, Bashkir, and Noghay. Karakalpakstan is one of the two poorest regions of Uzbekistan, and the Karakalpak. The Karakalpaks are one of the poorest ethnic groups within Uzbekistan and they suffer from high unemployment, generally poor living conditions and bad health.

The karakalpak people of uzbekistan

In recent decades they have had to contend with the full effects of the desiccation of the Aral Sea and the lower Amu Darya. The Karakalpak republic in Uzbekistan is a combination of the old Khivan Khanate and the Khorezm People's Republic.

This region is extremely dry and rarely receives more than inches of rain a

Kara-Kalpak | people |