Major problems faced by indian agriculture

Some of the major problems and their possible solutions have been discussed as follows. Indian agriculture is plagued by several problems; some of them are natural and some others are manmade. Small and fragmented land-holdings: The seemingly abundance of net sown area of

Major problems faced by indian agriculture

Major problems faced by indian agriculture

The following points highlight the seven major problems faced by Indian agriculture. Average size of Holding 5. Excessive Pressure on Land. It is at the mercy of the weather god. Being of rain-fed, Indian agriculture exhibits instability in production, leading to fluctuations in national income as well as general price level.

Scarcity of water is a major problem faced by the farmers

This is what we experienced in when agriculture made a disastrous start. An all-time record in food grains production was achieved in Inthe first ever deficient monsoon in 15 years was declared. The rainfall deficiency for the country as a whole amounted to more than 20 p.

What are the problems in the Agriculture Sector in India and how can we solve them in hindi language? Update Cancel. Problems faced by the Agriculture Sector. In order to increase the efficiency of Indian economy a major shift needs to happen from agriculture to service and business sector. The situation in Indian Agriculture, and particularly farmer distress, is increasingly getting the focus, reaching centre stage in The Media and public discourse; at long last, Agriculture is showing signs of getting the attention it richly deserves; for too long we Urban Indians have ignored Indian Agriculture. The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage. (a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of over one billion and it is increasing at a very fast rate.

As a result, the production of food grains fell by about 14 p. Reports of starvation death from two drought-hit states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh indicate the dismal performance of the agricultural sector over the last 58 years or so.

Thus, the fortune of the Indian economy is very much tied to rain-dependent agriculture. This element of instability makes it a precarious occupation. Besides weather-induced fluctuations, one also finds that output of this sector is also affected due to reduced capital investment and plateauing of yield levels in major crops.

The crops that are grown in India are divided into two broad categories: An unhealthy competition exists between these two crops.

Six Major Problems Faced by Indian Agriculture

Of the total cropped area, nearly three-fourths are occupied by food crops. The ratio of food grains to non-food grains was Bythe area under non-food grains increased to roughly 35 p.

Within food grains, largest increase in area has been recorded by wheat, followed by rice. Within commercial crops, largest increase-has occurred in the case of sugarcane, followed by oilseeds and cotton.

Infertile land and lack of infrastructure in the agriculture sector

The horticulture sector contributed about 28 p. Such diversification of farming towards horticulture crops may be related to i demand-driven, ii supply-driven, and iii policy-driven forces. The important point to note here is that the country is yet to evolve a balanced crop pattern.

Since a large proportion of land is devoted to main food crops like wheat and rice, there are shortages of oilseeds and pulses. This is the result of faulty agricultural planning. For instance, an agricultural price support policy in favour of food crops, mainly wheat and rice in the green revolution period has distorted the cropping pattern.

Very little attention has been given to agricultural diversification. Floriculture and horticulture are two profitable agro-business that require special attention. Vast inequality exists in the distribution of land in India. A great chunk of land is owned by a relatively small section of the rich farmers, landlords and money lenders, while a very little amount of land is owned by the majority farmers.Major Problems Faced by Indian Agriculture The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage.

(a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of over one billion and it . The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage. (a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of .

The situation in Indian Agriculture, and particularly farmer distress, is increasingly getting the focus, reaching centre stage in The Media and public discourse; at long last, Agriculture is showing signs of getting the attention it richly deserves; for too long we Urban Indians have ignored Indian Agriculture.

Six Major Problems Faced by Indian Agriculture

What are the problems in the Agriculture Sector in India and how can we solve them in hindi language? Update Cancel. Problems faced by the Agriculture Sector. In order to increase the efficiency of Indian economy a major shift needs to happen from agriculture to service and business sector.

One of the major problems of Indian agriculture is that a large number of people depend solely on agriculture. It is obvious the, that not much can be realized unless this continuing pressure of population on land is reduced.

Major problems faced by indian agriculture

The major problems confronting Indian agriculture are those of population pressure, small holdings, depleted soils, lack of modern technology and poor facilities for storage.

(a) Population Pressure: India has a huge population of over one billion and it is increasing at a very fast rate.

7 Major Problems Faced by Indian Agriculture