Describing two different cultures and their views on health care

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Describing two different cultures and their views on health care

Selected Patient Education Resources How culture influences health beliefs All cultures have systems of health beliefs to explain what causes illness, how it can be cured or treated, and who should be involved in the process.

The extent to which patients perceive patient education as having cultural relevance for them can have a profound effect on their reception to information provided and their willingness to use it.

Western industrialized societies such as the United States, which see disease as a result of natural scientific phenomena, advocate medical treatments that combat microorganisms or use sophisticated technology to diagnose and treat disease. Other societies believe that illness is the result of supernatural phenomena and promote prayer or other spiritual interventions that counter the presumed disfavor of powerful forces.

Cultural issues play a major role in patient compliance. One study showed that a group of Cambodian adults with minimal formal education made considerable efforts to comply with therapy but did so in a manner consistent with their underlying understanding of how medicines and the body work.

There are several important cultural beliefs among Asians and Pacific Islanders that nurses should be aware of. The extended family has significant influence, and the oldest male in the family is often the decision maker and spokesperson.

The interests and honor of the family are more important than those of individual family members. Older family members are respected, and their authority is often unquestioned.

Among Asian cultures, maintaining harmony is an important value; therefore, there is a strong emphasis on avoiding conflict and direct confrontation.

Due to respect for authority, disagreement with the recommendations of health care professionals is avoided. However, lack of disagreement does not indicate that the patient and family agree with or will follow treatment recommendations.

Among Chinese patients, because the behavior of the individual reflects on the family, mental illness or any behavior that indicates lack of self-control may produce shame and guilt. As a result, Chinese patients may be reluctant to discuss symptoms of mental illness or depression.

Some sub-populations of cultures, such as those from India and Pakistan, are reluctant to accept a diagnosis of severe emotional illness or mental retardation because it severely reduces the chances of other members of the family getting married. In Vietnamese culture, mystical beliefs explain physical and mental illness.

Health is viewed as the result of a harmonious balance between the poles of hot and cold that govern bodily functions. However, it is possible to accept assistance if trust has been gained. Russian immigrants frequently view U. The Russian experience with medical practitioners has been an authoritarian relationship in which free exchange of information and open discussion was not usual.

As a result, many Russian patients find it difficult to question a physician and to talk openly about medical concerns. Patients expect a paternalistic approach-the competent health care professional does not ask patients what they want to do, but tells them what to do.

Although Hispanics share a strong heritage that includes family and religion, each subgroup of the Hispanic population has distinct cultural beliefs and customs. Older family members and other relatives are respected and are often consulted on important matters involving health and illness.

Hispanic patients may prefer to use home remedies and may consult a folk healer, known as a curandero. Many African-Americans participate in a culture that centers on the importance of family and church.

There are extended kinship bonds with grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, or individuals who are not biologically related but who play an important role in the family system.

Usually, a key family member is consulted for important health-related decisions. The church is an important support system for many African-Americans. Cultural aspects common to Native Americans usually include being oriented in the present and valuing cooperation.

Native Americans also place great value on family and spiritual beliefs.Every culture has beliefs about health, disease, treatment, and health care providers.

People from the many immigrant cultures, as well as American Indians, bring their beliefs, and the practices that accompany them, into the health care system. Describing two different cultures and their views on health.

Describing two different cultures and their views on health care

What are the implications to health care providers? Consider cultural views on the following topics: • Health as organic • Health as harmony • Disease as a curse or stigma Use and cite a minimum of two outside resources.

and Dictionary of Patients' Spiritual & Cultural Values for Health Care Professionals were developed by the Pastoral Care Leadership and Practice Group of HealthCare Chaplaincy, New York, NY. In addition, health care professionals need to be empowered with the capacity, skills, and knowledge to respond to the unique needs of each patient and their loved ones.

Describing two different cultures and their views on health.

describe two different cultures and thier views on health Chapter 2 Culture Counts:
Adult Meducation The minority older population will triple bywhen one quarter of the elderly population will belong to a minority racial or ethnic group US Census Bureau, January

What are the implications to health care providers? Consider cultural views on the following topics: • Health as organic • Health as harmony • Disease as a curse or stigma Use and cite a minimum of two outside resources.

Describing two different cultures and their views on health care

Different Cultures, Different Systems: Comparing Health Care in the U.S. and Taiwan August 28, by Editor A daylong symposium in Research Triangle Park gave participants perspective on how the health care systems in the U.S. and Taiwan are different – and, in some ways, similar.

How culture influences health beliefs